Ingredient Ingredient Ingredient Ingredient Ingredient

The three main Ingredients :

• Calendula Officinalis

Natural anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic Clinical research confirmed:

– Calendula helps to heal infections, skin allergies and wounds, and it lessens inflammation as well as bruising.

• St. John’s Wort

Natural antibacterial, Anti-inflammatory

– Has been used as a medicine in Europe for centuries.

– Mainly for external use to treat bruises, reduce inflammation, releave swelling and heal burns.

– Well-known as a potent anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory remedy.

– Suppresses the growth of Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes and Gram-Positive bacteria.

Clinical research confirmed:

– St. John’s Wort can be used as anti-bacterial, anti-inflamatory remedy and accelerates the healing of wounds and bruises.

• Arnica Montana

Deep Tissue Pain reliever

– Over the centuries in Europe, arnica ointments and oils have been a common herbal remedy. They are especially effective for reducing sprains and joint swelling, for relieving pain and accelerating healing.

Clinical research confirmed:

– Arnica can relieve pain, is anti-inflammatory and reduces swelling.

– Accelerates healing of injured tissue.

– Arnica is a safe, reliable herbal medicine; the analgesic effects have been compared with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).

 

Other Ingredients

• Lavender EO

-Has the most floral scent of all lavenders and is recognized to have strong antiseptic, antibacterial actions which help to promote healing. Also has sedative qualities and works to aid, balance and soothe. Regularly used in soaps, perfumes and cosmetics as it has a stable, consistent floral scent.

• Pelargonium graveolens, Egyptian Geranium Oil

-Is well known for it’s skincare properties. Considered one of the best natural, anti wrinkle ingredients. It can be used to even out oily or combination skin complexions and is said to nourish and re-hydrate, dry and/or mature skin. Egyptian Geranium oil is also used to calm irritability, relax the mind and ease cases of insomnia. It even wards off mosquitoes with it’s strong smell.

• Candelilla Wax

-A plant based wax that can be used in place of beeswax for vegan formulations to add viscosity to lotions. It’s indigenous to the Mexican desert.

• Coconut Oil

-A solid oil that is rich, smooth and easily absorbed by the skin, which makes it a good choice for many types of moisturizers. It also contains many antioxidants which promote a longer shelf life.

• Lavender Oil

-It has antiseptic and antibacterial actions which help promote healing. Cleanses, balances and soothes.

• Rosemary Oleoresin

-An excellent extract used to retard rancidity in natural oils. It also has strong antioxidant properties.

 

References:

-C.M. Schempp, B. Winghofer1, R. Lüdtke, et al., Topical application of St John’s wort (Hypericum perforatum L.) and of its metabolite hyperforin inhibits the allostimulatory capacity of epidermal cells. British Journal of Dermatology (2000)  Volume 142, Issue 5, pages 979–984.

-Ivana Arsić  , Ana Žugić , Vanja Tadić   et al.,  Estimation of Dermatological Application of Creams with St. John’s Wort Oil Extracts. Molecules 2012, 17(1), 275-294.

-Isacchia, M.C. Bergonzi, F. Carnevalib et al., Analysis and stability of the constituents of St. John’s wort oils prepared with different methods Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis. 2007 Volume 45, Issue 5, Pages 756–761.

-Brook M. Seeley, MD; Andrew B. Denton, MD; Min S. Ahn, MD; Corey S. Maas, MD.  Effect of Homeopathic Arnica montana on Bruising in Face-lifts:  Results of a Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial  Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2006;8(1):54-59.

-Karow Jens-Hagen, Abt Hans-Peter, Fröhling Markus, and Ackermann Hanns. Efficacy of Arnica montana D4 for Healing of Wounds After Hallux Valgus Surgery Compared to Diclofenac .The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. 2008, 14(1): 17-25.

-Fronza, B. Heinzmann, M. Hamburger et al. Determination of the wound healing effect of Calendula extracts using the scratch assay with 3T3 fibroblasts. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. (2009) , Volume 126, Issue 3, 463–467.